Pregnancy symptoms are those feelings a pregnant woman feel during the entire period of pregnancy. Some of these symptoms can be felt inside while some would be physical, now let’s look at the inner pregnancy symptoms.
Respiratory changes: towards the end of pregnancy there seems to be more of shortage of breath due to the growing baby prevent the lungs from expanding fully. You may notice that you are short of breath, if this short breath continues try breathing steadily while you sit down, push your lungs up and down to give you relieve. But if there is a sudden chest pain and breathe shortage, then consult your health practitioner.
Metabolism changes: when you notice that you have more crave for food often, then try to eat more of small snacks that is healthy instead of eating large meals. The frequent urge to eat is due to the baby extracting glucose and other nutritional substance from the blood stream during the day and night, which will lead to drop of sugar level leaving you hungry more often. There are some healthy foods that you can add to your diet to help relieve this feelings, like cereal, hard nut fruits that gets you to chew for some times before swallowing. It’s better to eat fewer foods in order to avoid too much weight gain during pregnancy.
Hormonal changes: during pregnancy a lot of hormones are released and existing hormones are produced, new hormones are also produced during this period. Hormones like; progesterone, estrogen, human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), insulin, calcitonin, relaxin, oxytocin, thyroxine, prolactin, erythropoietin, cortisol, human chorionic somatomammotropin(HCS)
Progesterone: progesterone plays a vital role in the development of baby, which is present both in pregnant and non-pregnant women, though the level in non-pregnant women is much lower than that of the pregnant woman. Progesterone helps to strengthen the pelvic walls for the preparation of labor; it also maintains the function of the placenta during pregnancy. The progesterone plays a very vital role in the preparation of the breast for normal milk production. It stimulates the duck so that milk will be available especially at the second trimester of the pregnancy.
(HCG) Human chorionic Gonadotropin: This is the hormone that is known as the pregnancy hormone. It triggers other hormone and stops the menstruation from flowing. The HCG is released by the developing placenta when it enters the uterus. This hormone is though to be partially the cause of vomiting and nausea feelings.
Estrogen: The estrogen hormone helps in preparation of the uterus lining for pregnancy, increasing the blood vessels and glands within the uterus. The estrogen also plays a vital role in the production of milk during the formation of pregnancy.
Insulin: The insulin is responsible for the storage of food in the baby and it also regulates the level of glucose especially in the diabetic.
Calcitonin: The calciton hormone helps increase vitamin D and conserves calcium to enable the increase need of calcium in baby to be met. It also strengthens your bones and that of the baby.
Relaxin: The relaxin helps in preparation for birth by encouraging the cervix, muscles, pelvic, and ligaments for the successful delivering of the baby after the gestation period.
Oxytocin: The oxytocin hormones is responsible for the dilation of the cervix during labor, it helps the womb in further contractions which helps to quicken the length of labor. It also stimulates the nipples causing the free flow of milk during breast feeding.
Thyroxine (T4 and T3): The thyroxine helps in the growth and development of the baby; it regulates and stimulates the baby’s growth. It’s also responsible for the development of the baby’s central nervous system, and it helps the baby to process carbohydrates and proteins.
Prolactin: It promotes the baby’s growth and prepares the breast for proper breast feeding.
Erythropoietin: The erythropoietin helps to retain salt and water by producing mass red blood cells and plasma. It is produced in the kidney and plays a vital role in the development of red blood cells in baby.
Cotisol: The cotisol is a hormone that helps the baby to use all kinds of foods within the body properly.
(HCS)Human Chorionic Somatomammotropin: This is also known as the Human Placental Lactogen(HPL) the HCS plays an important role in the development of the baby through out the pregnancy, it regulates the estrogen in order not to produce too much. The HCS is produced within the placenta in a large quantity. It may promote baby’s growth and helps to develop glands needed for breast feeding.
Circulatory changes: this pregnancy symptom is felt immediately a conception occurs; the body system would begin a tremendous change especially in the circulatory system. At about week 30 your blood circulation would be 50% more in the blood stream. This change is essential in order to enhance the development of the uterus, the placenta and the baby development. You may notice a change in your blood pressure, in some cases the pregnant woman’s blood pressure may begin to fall especially at the trimester stage of the pregnancy. You may begin to feel faintly and dizzy due to the fall in blood pressure. Another symptom is the increase of the blood pressure, though this may not be too significant, but you can always consult your health practitioner for proper examination. For Signs of pregnancy, Pregnancy disorder, Anxiety in pregnancy, Dieting in pregnancy, Bleeding in pregnancy, Treatment of pregnancy disorder
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